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/*-----------------------------------------------------------*/
/*--- Block recoverer program for bzip2                   ---*/
/*---                                      bzip2recover.c ---*/
/*-----------------------------------------------------------*/

/*--
  This program is bzip2recover, a program to attempt data 
  salvage from damaged files created by the accompanying
  bzip2-0.1 program.

  Copyright (C) 1996, 1997 by Julian Seward.
     Guildford, Surrey, UK
     email: jseward@acm.org

  This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
  it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
  the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
  (at your option) any later version.

  This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
  but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
  MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
  GNU General Public License for more details.

  You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
  along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
  Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.

  The GNU General Public License is contained in the file LICENSE.
--*/


#include <stdio.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <malloc.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <strings.h>  /*-- or try string.h --*/

#define UInt32  unsigned int
#define Int32   int
#define UChar   unsigned char
#define Char    char
#define Bool    unsigned char
#define True    1
#define False   0


Char inFileName[2000];
Char outFileName[2000];
Char progName[2000];

UInt32 bytesOut = 0;
UInt32 bytesIn  = 0;


/*---------------------------------------------------*/
/*--- I/O errors                                  ---*/
/*---------------------------------------------------*/

/*---------------------------------------------*/
void readError ( void )
{
   fprintf ( stderr,
             "%s: I/O error reading `%s', possible reason follows.\n",
            progName, inFileName );
   perror ( progName );
   fprintf ( stderr, "%s: warning: output file(s) may be incomplete.\n",
             progName );
   exit ( 1 );
}


/*---------------------------------------------*/
void writeError ( void )
{
   fprintf ( stderr,
             "%s: I/O error reading `%s', possible reason follows.\n",
            progName, inFileName );
   perror ( progName );
   fprintf ( stderr, "%s: warning: output file(s) may be incomplete.\n",
             progName );
   exit ( 1 );
}


/*---------------------------------------------*/
void mallocFail ( Int32 n )
{
   fprintf ( stderr,
             "%s: malloc failed on request for %d bytes.\n",
            progName, n );
   fprintf ( stderr, "%s: warning: output file(s) may be incomplete.\n",
             progName );
   exit ( 1 );
}


/*---------------------------------------------------*/
/*--- Bit stream I/O                              ---*/
/*---------------------------------------------------*/

typedef
   struct {
      FILE*  handle;
      Int32  buffer;
      Int32  buffLive;
      Char   mode;
   }
   BitStream;


/*---------------------------------------------*/
BitStream* bsOpenReadStream ( FILE* stream )
{
   BitStream *bs = malloc ( sizeof(BitStream) );
   if (bs == NULL) mallocFail ( sizeof(BitStream) );
   bs->handle = stream;
   bs->buffer = 0;
   bs->buffLive = 0;
   bs->mode = 'r';
   return bs;
}


/*---------------------------------------------*/
BitStream* bsOpenWriteStream ( FILE* stream )
{
   BitStream *bs = malloc ( sizeof(BitStream) );
   if (bs == NULL) mallocFail ( sizeof(BitStream) );
   bs->handle = stream;
   bs->buffer = 0;
   bs->buffLive = 0;
   bs->mode = 'w';
   return bs;
}


/*---------------------------------------------*/
void bsPutBit ( BitStream* bs, Int32 bit )
{
   if (bs->buffLive == 8) {
      Int32 retVal = putc ( (UChar) bs->buffer, bs->handle );
      if (retVal == EOF) writeError();
      bytesOut++;
      bs->buffLive = 1;
      bs->buffer = bit & 0x1;
   } else {
      bs->buffer = ( (bs->buffer << 1) | (bit & 0x1) );
      bs->buffLive++;
   };
}


/*---------------------------------------------*/
/*--
   Returns 0 or 1, or 2 to indicate EOF.
--*/
Int32 bsGetBit ( BitStream* bs )
{
   if (bs->buffLive > 0) {
      bs->buffLive --;
      return ( ((bs->buffer) >> (bs->buffLive)) & 0x1 );
   } else {
      Int32 retVal = getc ( bs->handle );
      if ( retVal == EOF ) {
         if (errno != 0) readError();
         return 2;
      }
      bs->buffLive = 7;
      bs->buffer = retVal;
      return ( ((bs->buffer) >> 7) & 0x1 );
   }
}


/*---------------------------------------------*/
void bsClose ( BitStream* bs )
{
   Int32 retVal;

   if ( bs->mode == 'w' ) {
      while ( bs->buffLive < 8 ) {
         bs->buffLive++;
         bs->buffer <<= 1;
      };
      retVal = putc ( (UChar) (bs->buffer), bs->handle );
      if (retVal == EOF) writeError();
      bytesOut++;
      retVal = fflush ( bs->handle );
      if (retVal == EOF) writeError();
   }
   retVal = fclose ( bs->handle );
   if (retVal == EOF)
      if (bs->mode == 'w') writeError(); else readError();
   free ( bs );
}


/*---------------------------------------------*/
void bsPutUChar ( BitStream* bs, UChar c )
{
   Int32 i;
   for (i = 7; i >= 0; i--)
      bsPutBit ( bs, (((UInt32) c) >> i) & 0x1 );
}


/*---------------------------------------------*/
void bsPutUInt32 ( BitStream* bs, UInt32 c )
{
   Int32 i;

   for (i = 31; i >= 0; i--)
      bsPutBit ( bs, (c >> i) & 0x1 );
}


/*---------------------------------------------*/
Bool endsInBz2 ( Char* name )
{
   Int32 n = strlen ( name );
   if (n <= 4) return False;
   return
      (name[n-4] == '.' &&
       name[n-3] == 'b' &&
       name[n-2] == 'z' &&
       name[n-1] == '2');
}


/*---------------------------------------------------*/
/*---                                             ---*/
/*---------------------------------------------------*/

#define BLOCK_HEADER_HI  0x00003141UL
#define BLOCK_HEADER_LO  0x59265359UL

#define BLOCK_ENDMARK_HI 0x00001772UL
#define BLOCK_ENDMARK_LO 0x45385090UL

Int32 main ( Int32 argc, Char** argv )
{
   FILE*       inFile;
   FILE*       outFile;
   BitStream*  bsIn, *bsWr;
   Int32       currBlock, b, wrBlock;
   UInt32      bitsRead;
   UInt32      bStart[20000];
   UInt32      bEnd[20000];
   UInt32      buffHi, buffLo, blockCRC;
   Char*       p;

   strcpy ( progName, argv[0] );
   inFileName[0] = outFileName[0] = 0;

   fprintf ( stderr, "bzip2recover: extracts blocks from damaged .bz2 files.\n" );

   if (argc != 2) {
      fprintf ( stderr, "%s: usage is `%s damaged_file_name'.\n",
                        progName, progName );
      exit(1);
   }

   strcpy ( inFileName, argv[1] );

   inFile = fopen ( inFileName, "rb" );
   if (inFile == NULL) {
      fprintf ( stderr, "%s: can't read `%s'\n", progName, inFileName );
      exit(1);
   }

   bsIn = bsOpenReadStream ( inFile );
   fprintf ( stderr, "%s: searching for block boundaries ...\n", progName );

   bitsRead = 0;
   buffHi = buffLo = 0;
   currBlock = 0;
   bStart[currBlock] = 0;

   while (True) {
      b = bsGetBit ( bsIn );
      bitsRead++;
      if (b == 2) {
         if (bitsRead >= bStart[currBlock] &&
            (bitsRead - bStart[currBlock]) >= 40) {
            bEnd[currBlock] = bitsRead-1;
            if (currBlock > 0)
               fprintf ( stderr, "   block %d runs from %d to %d (incomplete)\n",
                         currBlock,  bStart[currBlock], bEnd[currBlock] );
         } else
            currBlock--;
         break;
      }
      buffHi = (buffHi << 1) | (buffLo >> 31);
      buffLo = (buffLo << 1) | (b & 1);
      if ( ( (buffHi & 0x0000ffff) == BLOCK_HEADER_HI 
             && buffLo == BLOCK_HEADER_LO)
           || 
           ( (buffHi & 0x0000ffff) == BLOCK_ENDMARK_HI 
             && buffLo == BLOCK_ENDMARK_LO)
         ) {
         if (bitsRead > 49)
            bEnd[currBlock] = bitsRead-49; else
            bEnd[currBlock] = 0;
         if (currBlock > 0)
            fprintf ( stderr, "   block %d runs from %d to %d\n",
                      currBlock,  bStart[currBlock], bEnd[currBlock] );
         currBlock++;
         bStart[currBlock] = bitsRead;
      }
   }

   bsClose ( bsIn );

   /*-- identified blocks run from 1 to currBlock inclusive. --*/

   if (currBlock < 1) {
      fprintf ( stderr,
                "%s: sorry, I couldn't find any block boundaries.\n",
                progName );
      exit(1);
   };

   fprintf ( stderr, "%s: splitting into blocks\n", progName );

   inFile = fopen ( inFileName, "rb" );
   if (inFile == NULL) {
      fprintf ( stderr, "%s: can't open `%s'\n", progName, inFileName );
      exit(1);
   }
   bsIn = bsOpenReadStream ( inFile );

   /*-- placate gcc's dataflow analyser --*/
   blockCRC = 0; bsWr = 0;

   bitsRead = 0;
   outFile = NULL;
   wrBlock = 1;
   while (True) {
      b = bsGetBit(bsIn);
      if (b == 2) break;
      buffHi = (buffHi << 1) | (buffLo >> 31);
      buffLo = (buffLo << 1) | (b & 1);
      if (bitsRead == 47+bStart[wrBlock]) 
         blockCRC = (buffHi << 16) | (buffLo >> 16);

      if (outFile != NULL && bitsRead >= bStart[wrBlock]
                          && bitsRead <= bEnd[wrBlock]) {
         bsPutBit ( bsWr, b );
      }

      bitsRead++;

      if (bitsRead == bEnd[wrBlock]+1) {
         if (outFile != NULL) {
            bsPutUChar ( bsWr, 0x17 ); bsPutUChar ( bsWr, 0x72 );
            bsPutUChar ( bsWr, 0x45 ); bsPutUChar ( bsWr, 0x38 );
            bsPutUChar ( bsWr, 0x50 ); bsPutUChar ( bsWr, 0x90 );
            bsPutUInt32 ( bsWr, blockCRC );
            bsClose ( bsWr );
         }
         if (wrBlock >= currBlock) break;
         wrBlock++;
      } else
      if (bitsRead == bStart[wrBlock]) {
         outFileName[0] = 0;
         sprintf ( outFileName, "rec%4d", wrBlock );
         for (p = outFileName; *p != 0; p++) if (*p == ' ') *p = '0';
         strcat ( outFileName, inFileName );
         if ( !endsInBz2(outFileName)) strcat ( outFileName, ".bz2" );

         fprintf ( stderr, "   writing block %d to `%s' ...\n",
                           wrBlock, outFileName );

         outFile = fopen ( outFileName, "wb" );
         if (outFile == NULL) {
            fprintf ( stderr, "%s: can't write `%s'\n",
                      progName, outFileName );
            exit(1);
         }
         bsWr = bsOpenWriteStream ( outFile );
         bsPutUChar ( bsWr, 'B' ); bsPutUChar ( bsWr, 'Z' );
         bsPutUChar ( bsWr, 'h' ); bsPutUChar ( bsWr, '9' );
         bsPutUChar ( bsWr, 0x31 ); bsPutUChar ( bsWr, 0x41 );
         bsPutUChar ( bsWr, 0x59 ); bsPutUChar ( bsWr, 0x26 );
         bsPutUChar ( bsWr, 0x53 ); bsPutUChar ( bsWr, 0x59 );
      }
   }

   fprintf ( stderr, "%s: finished\n", progName );
   return 0;
}



/*-----------------------------------------------------------*/
/*--- end                                  bzip2recover.c ---*/
/*-----------------------------------------------------------*/