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// Copyright 2012-2017 The Rust Project Developers. See the COPYRIGHT
// file at the top-level directory of this distribution and at
// http://rust-lang.org/COPYRIGHT.
//
// Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 <LICENSE-APACHE or
// http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0> or the MIT license
// <LICENSE-MIT or http://opensource.org/licenses/MIT>, at your
// option. This file may not be copied, modified, or distributed
// except according to those terms.

use borrow_check::borrow_set::{BorrowSet, BorrowData};
use borrow_check::place_ext::PlaceExt;

use rustc;
use rustc::hir;
use rustc::hir::def_id::DefId;
use rustc::middle::region;
use rustc::mir::{self, Location, Place, Mir};
use rustc::ty::TyCtxt;
use rustc::ty::RegionKind;
use rustc::ty::RegionKind::ReScope;

use rustc_data_structures::bitslice::BitwiseOperator;
use rustc_data_structures::indexed_set::IdxSet;
use rustc_data_structures::indexed_vec::IndexVec;
use rustc_data_structures::sync::Lrc;

use dataflow::{BitDenotation, BlockSets, InitialFlow};
pub use dataflow::indexes::BorrowIndex;
use borrow_check::nll::region_infer::RegionInferenceContext;
use borrow_check::nll::ToRegionVid;

use std::rc::Rc;

/// `Borrows` stores the data used in the analyses that track the flow
/// of borrows.
///
/// It uniquely identifies every borrow (`Rvalue::Ref`) by a
/// `BorrowIndex`, and maps each such index to a `BorrowData`
/// describing the borrow. These indexes are used for representing the
/// borrows in compact bitvectors.
pub struct Borrows<'a, 'gcx: 'tcx, 'tcx: 'a> {
    tcx: TyCtxt<'a, 'gcx, 'tcx>,
    mir: &'a Mir<'tcx>,
    scope_tree: Lrc<region::ScopeTree>,
    root_scope: Option<region::Scope>,

    borrow_set: Rc<BorrowSet<'tcx>>,

    /// NLL region inference context with which NLL queries should be resolved
    nonlexical_regioncx: Rc<RegionInferenceContext<'tcx>>,
}

impl<'a, 'gcx, 'tcx> Borrows<'a, 'gcx, 'tcx> {
    crate fn new(
        tcx: TyCtxt<'a, 'gcx, 'tcx>,
        mir: &'a Mir<'tcx>,
        nonlexical_regioncx: Rc<RegionInferenceContext<'tcx>>,
        def_id: DefId,
        body_id: Option<hir::BodyId>,
        borrow_set: &Rc<BorrowSet<'tcx>>
    ) -> Self {
        let scope_tree = tcx.region_scope_tree(def_id);
        let root_scope = body_id.map(|body_id| {
            region::Scope::CallSite(tcx.hir.body(body_id).value.hir_id.local_id)
        });

        Borrows {
            tcx: tcx,
            mir: mir,
            borrow_set: borrow_set.clone(),
            scope_tree,
            root_scope,
            nonlexical_regioncx,
        }
    }

    crate fn borrows(&self) -> &IndexVec<BorrowIndex, BorrowData<'tcx>> { &self.borrow_set.borrows }

    pub fn scope_tree(&self) -> &Lrc<region::ScopeTree> { &self.scope_tree }

    pub fn location(&self, idx: BorrowIndex) -> &Location {
        &self.borrow_set.borrows[idx].reserve_location
    }

    /// Add all borrows to the kill set, if those borrows are out of scope at `location`.
    /// That means either they went out of either a nonlexical scope, if we care about those
    /// at the moment, or the location represents a lexical EndRegion
    fn kill_loans_out_of_scope_at_location(&self,
                                           sets: &mut BlockSets<BorrowIndex>,
                                           location: Location) {
        let regioncx = &self.nonlexical_regioncx;

        // NOTE: The state associated with a given `location`
        // reflects the dataflow on entry to the statement. If it
        // does not contain `borrow_region`, then then that means
        // that the statement at `location` kills the borrow.
        //
        // We are careful always to call this function *before* we
        // set up the gen-bits for the statement or
        // termanator. That way, if the effect of the statement or
        // terminator *does* introduce a new loan of the same
        // region, then setting that gen-bit will override any
        // potential kill introduced here.
        for (borrow_index, borrow_data) in self.borrow_set.borrows.iter_enumerated() {
            let borrow_region = borrow_data.region.to_region_vid();
            if !regioncx.region_contains_point(borrow_region, location) {
                sets.kill(&borrow_index);
            }
        }
    }

    fn kill_borrows_on_local(&self,
                             sets: &mut BlockSets<BorrowIndex>,
                             local: &rustc::mir::Local)
    {
        if let Some(borrow_indexes) = self.borrow_set.local_map.get(local) {
            sets.kill_all(borrow_indexes);
        }
    }
}

impl<'a, 'gcx, 'tcx> BitDenotation for Borrows<'a, 'gcx, 'tcx> {
    type Idx = BorrowIndex;
    fn name() -> &'static str { "borrows" }
    fn bits_per_block(&self) -> usize {
        self.borrow_set.borrows.len() * 2
    }

    fn start_block_effect(&self, _entry_set: &mut IdxSet<BorrowIndex>) {
        // no borrows of code region_scopes have been taken prior to
        // function execution, so this method has no effect on
        // `_sets`.
    }

    fn before_statement_effect(&self,
                               sets: &mut BlockSets<BorrowIndex>,
                               location: Location) {
        debug!("Borrows::before_statement_effect sets: {:?} location: {:?}", sets, location);
        self.kill_loans_out_of_scope_at_location(sets, location);
    }

    fn statement_effect(&self, sets: &mut BlockSets<BorrowIndex>, location: Location) {
        debug!("Borrows::statement_effect sets: {:?} location: {:?}", sets, location);

        let block = &self.mir.basic_blocks().get(location.block).unwrap_or_else(|| {
            panic!("could not find block at location {:?}", location);
        });
        let stmt = block.statements.get(location.statement_index).unwrap_or_else(|| {
            panic!("could not find statement at location {:?}");
        });

        match stmt.kind {
            mir::StatementKind::EndRegion(_) => {
            }

            mir::StatementKind::Assign(ref lhs, ref rhs) => {
                // Make sure there are no remaining borrows for variables
                // that are assigned over.
                if let Place::Local(ref local) = *lhs {
                    // FIXME: Handle the case in which we're assigning over
                    // a projection (`foo.bar`).
                    self.kill_borrows_on_local(sets, local);
                }

                // NOTE: if/when the Assign case is revised to inspect
                // the assigned_place here, make sure to also
                // re-consider the current implementations of the
                // propagate_call_return method.

                if let mir::Rvalue::Ref(region, _, ref place) = *rhs {
                    if place.is_unsafe_place(self.tcx, self.mir) { return; }
                    let index = self.borrow_set.location_map.get(&location).unwrap_or_else(|| {
                        panic!("could not find BorrowIndex for location {:?}", location);
                    });

                    if let RegionKind::ReEmpty = region {
                        // If the borrowed value dies before the borrow is used, the region for
                        // the borrow can be empty. Don't track the borrow in that case.
                        debug!("Borrows::statement_effect_on_borrows \
                                location: {:?} stmt: {:?} has empty region, killing {:?}",
                               location, stmt.kind, index);
                        sets.kill(&index);
                        return
                    } else {
                        debug!("Borrows::statement_effect_on_borrows location: {:?} stmt: {:?}",
                               location, stmt.kind);
                    }

                    assert!(self.borrow_set.region_map.get(region).unwrap_or_else(|| {
                        panic!("could not find BorrowIndexs for region {:?}", region);
                    }).contains(&index));
                    sets.gen(&index);

                    // Issue #46746: Two-phase borrows handles
                    // stmts of form `Tmp = &mut Borrow` ...
                    match lhs {
                        Place::Local(..) | Place::Static(..) => {} // okay
                        Place::Projection(..) => {
                            // ... can assign into projections,
                            // e.g. `box (&mut _)`. Current
                            // conservative solution: force
                            // immediate activation here.
                            sets.gen(&index);
                        }
                    }
                }
            }

            mir::StatementKind::StorageDead(local) => {
                // Make sure there are no remaining borrows for locals that
                // are gone out of scope.
                self.kill_borrows_on_local(sets, &local)
            }

            mir::StatementKind::InlineAsm { ref outputs, ref asm, .. } => {
                for (output, kind) in outputs.iter().zip(&asm.outputs) {
                    if !kind.is_indirect && !kind.is_rw {
                        // Make sure there are no remaining borrows for direct
                        // output variables.
                        if let Place::Local(ref local) = *output {
                            // FIXME: Handle the case in which we're assigning over
                            // a projection (`foo.bar`).
                            self.kill_borrows_on_local(sets, local);
                        }
                    }
                }
            }

            mir::StatementKind::ReadForMatch(..) |
            mir::StatementKind::SetDiscriminant { .. } |
            mir::StatementKind::StorageLive(..) |
            mir::StatementKind::Validate(..) |
            mir::StatementKind::UserAssertTy(..) |
            mir::StatementKind::Nop => {}

        }
    }

    fn before_terminator_effect(&self,
                                sets: &mut BlockSets<BorrowIndex>,
                                location: Location) {
        debug!("Borrows::before_terminator_effect sets: {:?} location: {:?}", sets, location);
        self.kill_loans_out_of_scope_at_location(sets, location);
    }

    fn terminator_effect(&self, sets: &mut BlockSets<BorrowIndex>, location: Location) {
        debug!("Borrows::terminator_effect sets: {:?} location: {:?}", sets, location);

        let block = &self.mir.basic_blocks().get(location.block).unwrap_or_else(|| {
            panic!("could not find block at location {:?}", location);
        });

        let term = block.terminator();
        match term.kind {
            mir::TerminatorKind::Resume |
            mir::TerminatorKind::Return |
            mir::TerminatorKind::GeneratorDrop => {
                // When we return from the function, then all `ReScope`-style regions
                // are guaranteed to have ended.
                // Normally, there would be `EndRegion` statements that come before,
                // and hence most of these loans will already be dead -- but, in some cases
                // like unwind paths, we do not always emit `EndRegion` statements, so we
                // add some kills here as a "backup" and to avoid spurious error messages.
                for (borrow_index, borrow_data) in self.borrow_set.borrows.iter_enumerated() {
                    if let ReScope(scope) = borrow_data.region {
                        // Check that the scope is not actually a scope from a function that is
                        // a parent of our closure. Note that the CallSite scope itself is
                        // *outside* of the closure, for some weird reason.
                        if let Some(root_scope) = self.root_scope {
                            if *scope != root_scope &&
                                self.scope_tree.is_subscope_of(*scope, root_scope)
                            {
                                sets.kill(&borrow_index);
                            }
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
            mir::TerminatorKind::Abort |
            mir::TerminatorKind::SwitchInt {..} |
            mir::TerminatorKind::Drop {..} |
            mir::TerminatorKind::DropAndReplace {..} |
            mir::TerminatorKind::Call {..} |
            mir::TerminatorKind::Assert {..} |
            mir::TerminatorKind::Yield {..} |
            mir::TerminatorKind::Goto {..} |
            mir::TerminatorKind::FalseEdges {..} |
            mir::TerminatorKind::FalseUnwind {..} |
            mir::TerminatorKind::Unreachable => {}
        }
    }

    fn propagate_call_return(&self,
                             _in_out: &mut IdxSet<BorrowIndex>,
                             _call_bb: mir::BasicBlock,
                             _dest_bb: mir::BasicBlock,
                             _dest_place: &mir::Place) {
        // there are no effects on borrows from method call return...
        //
        // ... but if overwriting a place can affect flow state, then
        // latter is not true; see NOTE on Assign case in
        // statement_effect_on_borrows.
    }
}

impl<'a, 'gcx, 'tcx> BitwiseOperator for Borrows<'a, 'gcx, 'tcx> {
    #[inline]
    fn join(&self, pred1: usize, pred2: usize) -> usize {
        pred1 | pred2 // union effects of preds when computing reservations
    }
}

impl<'a, 'gcx, 'tcx> InitialFlow for Borrows<'a, 'gcx, 'tcx> {
    #[inline]
    fn bottom_value() -> bool {
        false // bottom = nothing is reserved or activated yet
    }
}